There are two main types of urinary incontinence - information can be found below:
Urge incontinence is due to an overactive bladder:
Stress and urge incontinence can also occur together and this is known as mixed incontinence.
If you are experiencing stress incontinence and/or urge incontinence strengthening your pelvic floor muscles can help to resolve your symptoms.
This animation shows the location of your pelvic floor muscles - Pelvic Floor Anatomy
The following is a video of one of our physiotherapists explaining how to do pelvic floor exercises during pregnancy, but the same principles apply at any other time - Pelvic Floor Exercises
And this is a leaflet version - Pelvic Floor Exercises For Women. Many women find it difficult to remember to do their pelvic floor exercises. Using an app such as Squeezy can help, as you can set reminders at times that suit your daily routine.
Healthy bladder habits are important to help reduce urge incontinence:
can often help to reduce urge incontinence. This is explained in this leaflet - Bladder Training
Here is an example of a bladder diary (as described in the leaflet) that you can complete - Bladder Diary
Healthy bowel habits
are important as straining to empty your bowels can make urinary incontinence worse:
Maintaining a healthy weight
can help to alleviate bladder leakage symptoms - Weight Management
can help to alleviate bladder leakage by reducing coughing associated with smoking - Help Me Quit
can influence pelvic floor dysfunction symptoms. See below for some useful information regarding the menopause:
Promoting Continence with Physiotherapy
- This booklet is written by the POGP (Pelvic, Obstetric and Gynaecological Physiotherapy), a UK based Physiotherapy Professional Network affiliated to the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy. It contains information about the physiotherapy advice and treatment available for anyone with bladder and bowel problems.